Moles

Mole Gopher Slug Soft Rot Leaf Spot Borer Other

Moles have velvet blue-black to gray mohair-like fur. A slender snout, needle like teeth, with flattened feet and claws, and inconspicuous ear. It can grow from 6" - 12" long depending on species. They build vast underground tunnels in search of worms, insects, and living space.
mole feet and nose mole mole teeth
Mole Feet and Nose Mole Mole Teeth

Tunnel and Mound

Moles tunnels are often shared, and usually average 6" below the surface. They form conical mounds with holes near the center of the mounds. The key to identification of a mole is the mound. The mole mound is somewhat conical in shape and not much over a foot in diameter. A mole mound will often be formed by fine soil. The hole is not evident when you look at the mound. Push the soil aside and you will find the hole under the center of the mound. Each mound is connected with another in a line by the moles run-way system. Mole runways may vary from 1" to 2", but very seldom over 2".

mole hill There is a difference between mole and gopher mounds. The image to the right show the difference. The mole mound is more rounded and without a plug like the gopher. mole vs gopher mound 02

Reproduction and Life Cycle

Moles normally mate in early spring (February). The gestation period is 27-30 days. The young moles will stay in the nest provided by the female for a period of 4 to 6 weeks. They then begin to venture out and start to provide for themselves. The mole will have one litter per year, on an average they have 3 to 5 young that survive. The young moles are weaned at 4 to 6 weeks and are full grown moles at 6 1/2 to 8 months. The young mole will reproduce the following year.

Eating Habits

Moles are active year round, subterranean dwellers. They have but one litter per year and consume soft bodied insects and worms thorughout the year. They build large nests of forage vegetation that is 75% new clippings and 25% old composts. This also attracts many insects into the mole-made refrigerator nest area. They continually rotate new clippings to maintain the phenomena.